طراحی فضاهای درمانی در جهت تاثیرگذاری بر روند بهبود بیماران

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار پردیس هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران

2 مربی دانشکده هنر و معماری،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی


عنوان مقاله [English]

Design of Therapeutic Spaces for Boosting the Healing Process

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yasaman Khodadade 1
  • Sarah Sadat Tejareh 2
1 Associate Professor, Campuse of Fine Arts, University of Tehran
2 Instructor Departmant of Art and Architecture
چکیده [English]

Usually hospitals are dull and boring places, that patients do not like them. Therefore, not only the patients suffer physically, but they are also mentally under pressure  and prefer to leave the hospital as soon as pos- sible; although they still need treatments. This  paper attempts to address affecting factors on the mental health of patients, to improve the design  of hospital environment. For this aim, first, the traditional ways of treat- ment such as  alternative medicine were studied. Then, three hospitals in Iran were investigated and compared  within ones in developed coun- tries. The results of this comparison showed that, in some  countries, the hospitals were designed in a way to optimize the therapeutic space. However in the  hospitals in Iran, these kinds of considerations were not observed. Therefore, a study was  performed, and fifty people including patients, doctors and personnel of hospital were interviewed.  The results were analyzed and the factors influencing therapeutic environment, for both patients  and staff, were identified using Kansei methodology. Based on the achieved results, some design  criteria for designing hos- pital environment, were identified. These criteria, would help  designers to design more beneficial places for the patient in their recovery process in hospitals.  The studies also showed an urgent demand of today’s world for alternative medicine, along with modern medical processes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Interior design
  • Design Criteria
  • Progressive Healing
  • Alternative Medicine