عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
According to global statistics, Iran has the highest fatalities from road accidents while a substantial portion of these occur among pedestrians and people crossing the street. To reduce the number of casualties, researchers have proposed various solutions categorized in three criteria: engineering solutions, regulations enforcement solutions, and educational and cultural ones. Behavior Setting Theory, on the other hand, considers the relationship between the environment physical structures and the corresponding patterns of behavior. As stated by this theory, to create the desirable pattern of
behavior, one must design the environment physical structures. Aiming to design an appropriate behavior of crossing the street, our attention is drawn on Behavior Setting Theory as well as urban pergolas. Pergolas, used in ancient times, served as a means of visual signs in the environment. Our study is based on three methods of data collection including library studies, a survey involving Qazvin citizens about Pergolas installed in that city, a questionnaire of Tehran citizens to collect the common behavioral pattern of crossing the street as well as direct observation and photography of people crossing the street. Finally, the data collected were employed in designing an urban pergola to be located in the sidewalks of boulevards.